Waste Management includes the activities and actions required to manage waste from its inception to its final disposal. This includes the collection, transport, treatment and disposal of waste together with monitoring and regulation of the waste management process and waste-related laws, technologies, economic mechanisms.
Two main waste categories can be established based on the distinct legislation and policy instruments usually in place: non-hazardous or solid waste and hazardous waste. Such a classification is also used in the Basel Convention. Hazardous waste is usually regulated at the national level, while non-hazardous is regulated at the regional or local (municipal) level. Enieco can provide comprehensive solution for the effective management of Non hazardous & Hazardous category of wastes.
Non-hazardous/solid waste is the waste which has not been classified as hazardous, paper, plastics, glass, metal and beverage cans, organic waste etc. While non hazardous solid waste can have serious environmental & health impact if left uncollected and untreated. While a significant proportion of solid waste could theoretically be reused or recycled, collection by type of waste (selective waste collection) - a prerequisite for reuse and recycling - is one of the biggest waste management challenges.
Hazardous waste is the waste that has been identified as potentially causing harm to the environment and human health therefore need special, separate treatment and handling. Chemical and physical characteristics determine the exact collection & recycling process. Flammability, corrosiveness, toxicity, ecotoxicity and explosiveness are the main characteristics of hazardous waste. Liquid, gaseous and powder waste need special treatment by default to avoid the dispersal of the waste. Generally, separate collection and handling are established to avoid contact with non-hazardous waste. Chemical treatment, incineration or high-temperature treatment, safe storage, recovery and recycling are possible modes of treatment for hazardous waste. Most hazardous waste originates from industrial production. Special kinds of hazardous waste include.